elektroenergetika

About 25% of U.S. power plants can start up within an hour
NOVEMBER 19,2020 - eia

About 25% of U.S. power plants can start up—going from being shut down to fully operating—within one hour, based on data collected in EIA’s annual survey of electric generators. Some power plants, especially those powered by coal and nuclear fuel, require more than half a day to reach full operations. The time it takes a power plant to reach full operations can affect the reliability and operations of the electric grid.

Generator startup time differs across electricity-generating technologies because of the differences in the complexity of electricity generating processes, especially when starting again after all processes have been stopped (cold shut down). A generator’s startup time is different from a generator’s ramp rate, which reflects how quickly that generator can modify its power output once it’s operating.

Most hydroelectric turbines, which use flowing water to spin a turbine, can go from cold start to full operations in less than 10 minutes. Combustion turbines, which use a combusted fuel-air mixture to spin a turbine, are also relatively fast to start up.

Steam turbines often require more time. A fuel heats up water to form steam, and that steam needs to reach certain temperature, pressure, and moisture content thresholds before it can be directed to a turbine that can spin the electricity generator.

Nuclear power plants use steam turbines, but these plants have additional time-intensive processes that involve managing their nuclear fuel. Almost all nuclear power plants require more than 12 hours to reach full operations. Power plants that require more than 12 hours to start up are increasingly rare. Only 4% of the generating capacity that came online from 2010 to 2019 requires more than half a day to reach full load.

Natural gas combined-cycle systems, which involve both a steam turbine and a combustion turbine, account for more capacity than any other generating technology in the United States. Most of those systems can reach full operations in between 1 hour to 12 hours, although some can start up within an hour.

The percentage of the generator fleet that does not respond to this question in EIA’s survey has doubled—from 6% in 2013, when EIA first collected this data, to 12% in 2019—as a result of the number of utility-scale solar and wind power plants added in recent years. This question is not relevant for these types of plants.

Read more: https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=45956


Povezane vesti BALKAN

APRIL 6, 2021 The US needs a macrogrid to move electricity from areas that make it to areas that need it theconversation

APRIL 6, 2021 World’s biggest wind farm answer to Korea’s dream theherald

APRIL 2, 2021 In coal-addicted Bulgaria, EU climate goal faces hurdles phys

MARCH 20, 2021 Preparing the grid for a future without coal, blackouts or emissions ieefa

MARCH 20, 2021 US: Less electricity was generated by coal than nuclear in 2020 eia

MARCH 20, 2021 Expect 5 more years of load shedding for South Africa businesstech

MARCH 14, 2021 Tesla to boost Texas energy grid that nearly collapsed with secret mega-battery valleycentral

MARCH 14, 2021 A global nuclear phaseout or renaissance? dw

MARCH 14, 2021 Norway`s wind power success story facing damaging hiatus spglobal

MARCH 3, 2021 Utilities adding electric charging stations to propel electric vehicle growth in the South yahoo



Web Analytics